The footprint of Kubernetes is expanding rapidly in all industries. Many enterprises already operate multiple Kubernetes clusters in multiple regions to address the needs of global operations and reduce application latency for customers worldwide. You may already have a large number of Kubernetes clusters in on-premises data centers and a number public cloud locations, possibly using several cloud providers to avoid lock-in.
Unfortunately, operating a distributed, multi-cluster, multi-cloud environment is not a simple task. Kubernetes is a relatively new technology. It’s hard to find staff with Kubernetes skills or to identify the best tools for multi-cloud Kubernetes management.
If your team is struggling with multi-cluster Kubernetes, you’re not alone. This blog examines three steps you can take now to reduce the time and effort spent on multi-cluster management:
- Step 1. Adopt Zero Trust for Kubernetes access. Kubernetes Zero Trust can increase the security of your multi-cluster, multi-cloud Kubernetes environment.
- Step 2. Enable continuous deployment. GitOps helps you ensure consistent deployment of clusters and applications across multiple Kubernetes clusters.
- Step 3. Simplify multi-cluster lifecycle management. Kubernetes changes fast. The right multi-cluster management tools will help you keep up with deployments and upgrades.
Step 1: Adopt Zero-Trust for Kubernetes Access
Given the complexity of multi-cloud Kubernetes management, it shouldn’t be a surprise that a lot of serious security mistakes are happening. With cyber crime and data breaches expected to rise in 2022, you have to do everything possible to ensure security for your Kubernetes clusters and applications.
The best way to ensure access security for multi-cluster Kubernetes management is by adopting zero-trust methods. Zero Trust is a security model that assumes all actors, systems, and services operating in and between networks cannot be trusted.
Kubernetes includes all the necessary hooks to implement Zero Trust to control access to each Kubernetes cluster in your fleet. These hooks fall into four key areas: Authentication, Authorization, Admission Control, Logging, and Auditing as shown in the image below. Our recent blog, Securing Kubernetes: Applying Zero-Trust Principles to Your Kubernetes Environment explains each of these areas in detail, including best practices.
Image Source: kubernetes.io
How Rafay Helps
While Kubernetes Zero Trust best practices enable you to create a secure environment, keeping all the individual elements correctly configured and aligned becomes a real challenge once you have more than a few clusters or need multi-cloud Kubernetes management.
Rafay’s Zero-Trust Access Service ensures that Kubernetes best practices are applied and enforced across a multi-cluster Kubernetes environment. This SaaS service eliminates the need to manually apply best practices to every cluster, so you can operate multi-cloud Kubernetes at scale with less risk.
Step 2: Enable Multi-Cluster Continuous Deployment
Frequent application and infrastructure updates are the norm in multi-cloud, multi-cluster Kubernetes environments. In many cases, your team will need to deploy to multiple Kubernetes clusters at the same time. With dozens of clusters and hundreds of application instances it can be almost impossible to avoid drift—configuration inconsistencies between clusters and configuration mistakes that result in prolonged troubleshooting, downtime, or worse.
To solve these challenges many organizations are turning to GitOps, bringing the familiar capabilities of Git tools to infrastructure management and continuous deployment (CD). GitOps uses Git as a single source of truth for both infrastructure and applications. Because GitOps is declarative, it provides better standardization, enhanced security, and improved productivity.
A Git repository stores all the necessary information for defining, creating, and updating applications and infrastructure. When changes are made to the repository, code is pushed to (or rolled back from) your clusters, automating deployments quickly and reliably.
While you can implement the GitOps methodology and GitOps workflows using standard Git tools, you’ll need some additional tooling to get the full benefits, especially the ability to ensure that the desired state is maintained.
How Rafay Helps
Rafay’s GitOps Service provides automated deployment, monitoring, and management of continuous deployment pipelines either as a service or utilizing the tool of your choice, such as ArgoCD or Flux. With Rafay’s GitOps Service, you can construct multi-stage GitOps pipelines for applications and K8s clusters, automate deployments to eliminate error prone, manual steps, and ensure that the desired state specified in your Git repo is enforced on your clusters.
To learn more about GitOps and Rafay, check out our blog, GitOps Principles and Workflows Every Team Should Know.
Step 3: Simplify Multi-Cluster Lifecycle Management
In many enterprises, Kubernetes environments grow organically over time, with multiple Kubernetes distributions and cloud services, such as Amazon EKS and Azure AKS, to provide the necessary coverage across multiple regions. All these “flavors” of Kubernetes may be the same at the core, but the popular cloud environments—as well as distributions such as RedHat OpenShift, Rancher, and VMware Tanzu—have different management tools. This means that deploying and updating clusters in each environment can be significantly different.
Unless your organization has standardized on a single flavor of Kubernetes, the best solution is to find one tool that can perform lifecycle management for your entire fleet. Unfortunately, this remains a challenge because there are few available tools that cover both the popular Kubernetes distributions and cloud Kubernetes services. Many vendor tools, such as Rancher for multi-cluster workloads, only work with their own distribution or have other limitations.
How Rafay Helps
Rafay’s Multi-Cluster Management Service allows you to deploy, manage, and upgrade all of your Kubernetes clusters—deployed in data centers, public clouds and remote/edge locations—from a single console, improving reliability and repeatability. With Rafay, you can:
- Specify and manage cluster configurations, including security policy and software add-ons such as service mesh, ingress controllers, etc. from a central location
- Apply cluster Blueprints to greenfield and brownfield clusters to install/update the set of software components required by an application or your organization
- Upgrade all clusters with a single click—pre-flight checks, post-upgrade validation, and audits ensure a reliable, repeatable, and efficient upgrade process
- Integrate easily with dozens of Kubernetes ecosystem technologies, including single sign-on (SSO), CI/CD, secrets management, and monitoring
With Rafay, enterprises leverage a single view of all of their clusters to make it easy to manage:
See how Rafay compares to other multi-cluster Kubernetes management tools.
Streamline Multi-Cluster Environments with Rafay
To discover how Rafay can help you address specific continuous deployment, security, and lifecycle management challenges, click the links in the sections of interest.
Rafay’s Zero-Trust Access Service, GitOps Service, and Multi-Cluster Management Service are key elements of the Rafay Kubernetes Operations Platform. Rafay’s platform delivers the automation, security, visibility, and governance capabilities you need to ensure success of multi-cloud, multi-cluster Kubernetes operations.
Ready to find out why so many enterprises and platform teams have partnered with Rafay to streamline Kubernetes operations? Sign up for a free trial.